Hướng dẫn chơi pokemon showdown

So maybe you"ve beaten the Elite Four more times than you can count. Maybe you"ve caught them all. Maybe you consider "Nuzlocke challenge" an oxymoron. And maybe, just maybe, you"re ready khổng lồ take the next step.

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Welcome lớn Smogon University. Here, you"ll learn the techniques the best of the best use to lớn win in competitive sầu Pokémon. And maybe one day, you"ll be one of them.

What to expect

When you"re used to playing against trainers và wild Pokétháng in the games, playing against other humans can be a bit of a shochồng. Unlượt thích the AI in the games, your opponents will also have sầu max-level fully-trained teams, and more importantly, they will figure out your strategy, and they"ll do their best to khuyễn mãi giảm giá with it.

The biggest difference from the games is that competitively, switching happens all the time. If you have sầu a Fire-type against their Grass-type, don"t expect your opponents lớn leave it in to die. They"ll be switching out into lớn a Water-type. And if you switch out your Fire-type inlớn a Grass-type to handle that Water-type, they might predict that và use Ice Beam. Much strategy revolves around predicting what your opponent will vị và acting accordingly.

The role of luông chồng can be an unpleasant surprise. In the games, your advantages balance out a lot of the bad luck you could get. But on an even playing field, critical hits and 10% secondary effects on moves become a lot more frustrating. Just rethành viên, no one wins 100% of the time, và the important part is to win more often than you đại bại in the long run.

trò chơi mechanics

Let"s start with the basics. "Mechanics" are what we hotline the way the game works. You probably already know that Water is super-effective sầu against Fire và not very effective sầu against Grass, but it"s easy khổng lồ beat the game without learning anything deeper.

In nearly every game type in Pokétháng, the goal is to lớn make all six of your opponent"s Pokétháng faint, và this is generally done by using moves lớn giảm giá khuyến mãi damage.

Physical & Special moves

All attacking moves are either Physical or Special moves. Physical moves use your attacker"s Attachồng stat against your target"s Defense stat, while Special moves use your attacker"s Special Attachồng stat against the target"s Special Defense stat.

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In game and online, these icons will remind you of whether a move sầu is Physical or Special. Rethành viên that a Pokémon with high Attachồng and low Special Attaông xã should usually be using only Physical moves, & vice versa.

EVs, IVs, và Natures

Even at the exact same cấp độ, two Alakazams usually won"t have sầu exactly the same stats. That"s because each has different Effort Values (EVs), Individual Values (IVs), và Natures.

There are 25 Natures a Pokémon can have sầu. trăng tròn of them raise one stat by 10% & lower another by 10%, and the other 5 vì nothing. In addition, your Pokétháng has one IV number for each stat, ranging from 0 to 31. The higher your IV, the higher that stat is, so you usually want every IV khổng lồ be 31.

Your Pokétháng also has one EV number for each stat, ranging from 0 khổng lồ 252. Like IVs, the higher it is, the higher your stat. But you can only have a maximum of 508 EVs, so you have sầu to be careful where you put them.


As an example, here"s one comtháng spread for a Volcaromãng cầu.

On a simulator, you can just select what Nature, IVs, and EVs you want. In-game, it"s more complicated; TheMantyke has written a pretty good guide lớn breeding for the IVs và Nature you want, and Stellar has written a guide to EV training.


Same-Type Attaông chồng Bonus (STAB) means that if a Pokétháng uses an attacking move sầu of the same type as the Pokétháng using it, that move gets 1.5× its usual base power. This is a huge bonus, so most Pokétháng carry at least one STAB move sầu.

Turn order

Pokémon will switch first, then mega-evolve, và after that the remaining Pokémon will use moves in order of Speed, faschạy thử to lớn slowest. In the case of a Speed tie, it"s random who moves first. Certain moves are exceptions; moves that have positive sầu priority like Protect và ExtremeSpeed will always move sầu before others, và moves that have negative priority lượt thích Whirlwind and Triông xã Room will always move sầu last.


Competitive sầu Pokétháng can be split into lớn three kinds of ways khổng lồ play, which are called formats. These formats have a lot of rules in comtháng, which we điện thoại tư vấn clauses:

Species Clause: Two of the same Pokétháng may not be used on the same team (most formats have sầu this rule)

Sleep Clause: You can"t put two opposing Pokétháng to lớn sleep at the same time (Nintendo formats don"t have sầu this rule).

Evasion Clause: You can"t use Double Team or Minimize. (Nintenbởi vì formats don"t have sầu this rule)

OHKO Clause: You can"t use One-Hit KO moves lượt thích Fissure. (Nintenvày formats don"t have sầu this rule)

Item Clause: You can"t use two of the same thành công on the same team (Smogon formats don"t have sầu this rule).

Official Nintenvị formats

There are three main Nintenvì chưng formats, Battle Spot Singles, Battle Spot Doubles, & VGC. They mô tả mostly the same rules. In addition to the Species & Item Clauses mentioned above, they ban event legendaries và cover legendaries.

Battle Spot Singles is a bring-6-choose-3 singles format, và Battle Spot Doubles is a bring-6-choose-4 doubles format.

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VGC is Nintendo"s official tournament. VGC rules change every year; in năm trước, its rules are the same as Battle Spot Doubles, except only Pokémon that are Kalos-native & appear in the Kalos Pokédex are allowed.

Official Smogon formats

The Smogon singles formats are Ubers, OU (Overused), UU (Underused), RU (Rarely-used), NU (Neverused), LC (Little Cup). These formats are all singles bring-6-choose-6. They"re named after their corresponding Smogon tier (except LC).

Smogon also has a bring-6-choose-6 doubles format, named Smogon Doubles. Its rules are fairly similar to lớn OU.

The Smogon tier system

Smogon has a usage-based tier system. Basically, a few Pokémon are considered too svào và considered Uber. After that, all other Pokétháng are allowed lớn be used in OU (Overused). Any Pokétháng used on average more than once every đôi mươi battles in OU is considered in the OU tier, & the rest are allowed in UU. Any Pokétháng used on average more than once every 20 battles is considered UU, & the rest are allowed in RU.

This tiering system orders Pokétháng roughly from best to lớn worst, & makes it so that even if you want lớn use an underpowered Pokétháng, there"s a Smogon tier that allows it to lớn go up against Pokémon that are approximately as strong as it.

Little Cup is separate from the Smogon tier system, and is a format where only the lowest evolution stage of Pokétháng that can evolve are allowed.

Smogon"s XY Tiers page contains additional information about Smogon formats.

Other metagames

In addition khổng lồ the official Nintenvì và Smogon formats, fans commonly try to invent their own rules for playing. The most popular is Balanced Hackmons, which is a format where hacked Pokétháng are allowed. It feels very different from regular Pokémon!

Basic strategy

Now that we have a general idea of what the rules are like, let"s discuss some things you"ll probably see a lot.

Entry hazards


Entry hazards are moves lượt thích Stealth Rock & Spikes. These moves stay on your opponent"s side of the field & vày damage to lớn each Pokémon your opponent switches in. In addition khổng lồ making your opponent"s Pokétháng easier lớn handle, they also provide a deterrent lớn switching, which, if you recall, is one of the most important parts of the game.

Because entry hazards are so powerful, over half of teams in singles use them. Because of this, it"s also comtháng to use Rapid Spin (which removes hazards affecting you) or Defog (which removes all hazards) khổng lồ remove sầu them.

Set-up & phazing

Because you"re giving up an entire turn that could have been used attacking, most moves that vì nothing but raise or lower stats are useless. The exception is boosting moves that can help mix up a Pokétháng lớn sweep.

A sweep is the act of a Pokémon knocking out multiple opposing Pokémon in a row. Certain moves, such as Swords Dance, Dragon Dance, Shell Smash, & Calm Mind raise your Pokémon"s attacking stats & Speed to the point where it could defeat all your opponent"s remaining Pokémon that threaten it in one hit.

Stat boosts rephối when a Pokémon switches out, so one way khổng lồ giảm giá khuyến mãi with a set-up sweeper Pokétháng is lớn force it khổng lồ switch out, using a move lượt thích Roar, Whirlwind, or Dragon Tail. This is called pseudo-Hazing (phazing), because, lượt thích Haze, it resets the opposing Pokémon"s stat boosts.

Checks và counters

A counter khổng lồ, say, Scizor, is a Pokétháng that can switch into any of Scizor"s attacks, và nearly always win against it. For instance, Zapdos counters Scizor. Even if Scizor sees the Zapdos switch-in coming, there"s nothing it can vì khổng lồ Zapdos. Its only options are to switch out or faint.

A check khổng lồ Scizor, on the other h&, is a Pokétháng that can win against Scizor if both are in play, but can"t safely switch in to lớn of Scizor"s moves. For instance, Heatran checks Scizor. Normally, Heatran can destroy Scizor, but if Scizor predicts Heatran to switch in and uses Superpower, Heatran will be KOed.

In general, if a Pokémon takes less than một nửa damage from any of a Pokémon"s moves, it can counter.

When building a team, it"s important to look at what Pokétháng kiểm tra and counter the Pokétháng in your team. Once you"ve sầu around halfway through building a team, you should start asking yourself, "What popular Pokémon in the format is my team completely unable lớn handle?" & then start adding Pokémon that counter (or at least check) those Pokémon.

What now?

Well, now you have sầu a basic idea of how competitive battling works. If you"d lượt thích lớn dive sầu straight in, play Pokétháng Showdown! Our Random Battle format is great for learning the basics of competitive play.

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Play online

If you"d lượt thích more help, Smogon University offers a Battling 101 program, where you will be paired with a tutor.

If you"re not looking for anything that specific, the Smogon forums offer a number of other places khổng lồ talk about whatever you want. Want people khổng lồ rate the team you made? Want khổng lồ talk about strategy? Or just want to hang out? Smogon is the right place for you!

Chuyên mục: Kiến thức